This is an edited repost of an idea I shared earlier.

There is a false belief that the actions and behaviors we see in the present have always happened, and that they must continue. This brings us into a problem-focus. While problems are important and must be acknowledged, the more effective focus is to determine the solution – what we want to have happen. This happens through a solution focused process of looking for exceptions and finding already existing small steps to take.

SOLVED Solution Finding Model www.create-learning


It has happened to all of us. Someone at work (your manager, coworker, subordinate, peer, vendor, customer, etc…) pisses you off and you go off on an angry tirade about “What a jerk they are – they always do this. I cannot stand working with that person.” Or, “The engineers are always so smug and condescending to us; don’t they understand the pressure we are under!?” Or, “Every time I lead a meeting with the financial team they just sit there and stare at me; they never offer anything useful.”

On and on and on…

While these statements may be true, they are neither useful in creating solutions nor in getting the work done.

When coaching teams and individuals, many complaints come to the surface. These complaints often construct the reality of how the team operates and how the people within the team treat and act towards each other.

There is an exception

Rather than focus on the problem, focus on the solution by developing a folkloric construct that is reinforced by the shared language, actions and stories of the team about the “others”.

“…all meanings, since they are the creation of unique persons in unique settings, are distinctive. Furthermore, since our knowledge of the world is inescapably subjective, human interaction is about a transformed and imaged world. It is not the “real” world, but these transforms that we fight about, laugh about, cry about. Our meanings are fictions, valued and useful fictions, but fictions nonetheless.”  –Barnlund 1981

These fictions can be seen either as cooperation or resistance; they are one or the other.

As you and your team create these stories of how challenging it is to work with the “other”, the words, actions and views that exist about them develop into deep patterns of resistance.

Pattern of Cooperation

Pattern of Resistance

Cooperation builds upon itself with leaders and teams Resistance builds upon itself with leaders and teams
So What?

Reinforcing resistance patterns only digs you deeper into frustration.

When people are working with teams, they want the challenges to stop; they want their manager to “Stop being so micromanaging,” they want their subordinates to “Stop coming to them with every little problem,” they want their team to “Stop fighting amongst themselves”.

All this does is point to resistance and reinforce the teams’ view of the resistor.

The breakthrough hinges on determining what you and the team will be doing when “Your manager stops micromanaging,” or “Subordinates stop coming to you with problems,” or “Your team stops fighting amongst themselves”.

We can only measure progress on results.

Is this useful to the team? Determination model

Now What?

If the challenges you and your team are having stop tomorrow, how can you know that they will not start back up the following day, week, or month?

“Simplicity does not often come about spontaneously. Rather it evolves over a period of time and through a process that involves a lot of complicated thinking.” –Steve de Shazer

I suggest that instead of looking for the problems’ resistance you simply start looking for the exceptions’ cooperation.

“I have come to realize the practical clinical importance of the folkloric idea that all ‘rules include exceptions’. We have come to define exceptions as ‘whatever is happening when the complaint is not’.” (de Shazer 1985)

There is a time, no matter how small, when the complaint does not happen.

You need to find and examine that time and patterns, language, behavior, actions, environment, conversations, etc.

By finding a time when things went the way you needed them to go, the absence of your problem becomes your solution; you and your team can develop patterns to reproduce that.

For example, suppose that your team keeps fighting amongst themselves and thus the project is late, over budget and poor quality. Working with many teams that have the above complaint, we have been able to find the exceptions of when the team ‘Got along, everyone trusted each other, and the work got done on time, within budget and within quality specifications’.

So the energy now changes to asking the team to describe what happens in detail (concrete, tangible language) what happens when they get along and accomplish their work.  This shifts the assumptions from one of resistance to one of cooperation; reframes the team and the folkloric construct to one of ‘getting along’; finds cooperative patterns.

While our primary focus is on the pattern of the solution, and leads to what the team needs to do in order to continually improve in a collaborative effort, our secondary focus is on exploring the differences between getting along and not getting along. Through this secondary process we can find even more exceptions to increase the pattern of getting along.

In fact once we know that the team can get along, because they have described the exception with concrete, tangible words, the problem can be solved much more quickly. The team can be encouraged to use the getting along patterns even if they realize and/or feel they are not getting along.

What do you think?

What patterns can you compare between the resistant and cooperative actions you see? Can you find the exception or what happens when the problem is not happening? How can you use the above ideas, models and patterns to improve your work?

Michael Cardus is the principal consultant of Create-Learning Team Building & Leadership, Inc.,

Create-Learning believes that people want to do their best work, and that systems drive behavior. Improve the systems, and unleash the capacity of people to do great work and love what they do.