theory of change organization development and leadership through change Mike Cardus

“I do not believe that change needs a robust and compelling vision because I do not think that most change efforts have an idea of the endpoint or view until they get there. Also, when you have that clarity of vision it is no longer a change effort it is a project to accomplish someone’s work. You are better off calling change with a strong vision Project Management than a change process.” – Mike Cardus

Thinking about change in organizations, teams, and people makes me question what I know and how I came to know what I know. Below is a theory or framework of change that has been useful. I hope that this theory of change supports your progress.

Framework for change:
  1. Frame the boundariesBoundaries are the edges of the work, process, or change, and this is opposed to Goals – a goal is a what by when. Boundaries differ from goals in how boundaries are the shared edges and goals are the shared tasks. With change knowing the interfacing or conjoined edges works better. 
  2. Understand your environment… Recently used, the Cynefin framework to share a sense-making process for understanding the environment and deciding how to respond. Pausing to understand your environment within the boundaries will enable a better discussion and implementation of change. 
  3. Determine what is working to increase… Often in change, we ignore what is working, thinking of them as preliminaries or chance. Within change, determining what is making progress/ working well is the signal needed to identify better where to go next and remove some ambiguity through a discussion of how we make this work?
  4. Determine what is not working to decrease… Often in change, we are willfully unaware or push harder on what is not working because we feel that commitment means we must continue. When something is not working – stop it.
  5. The client is the expert in their domain… You are the expert in your domain… Treat working adults like working adults; there is little need to play psychologists. The people have gotten to their positions and held employment for a long time and are experts in their day-to-day work. You know your skills and work better than other people. Respect what they and you know, listen to how they describe what is working and not working, and know that resistance to an idea is a healthy sign of change …. it takes friction to make progress.
  6. Cooperation and resistance cannot be perceived at the same time…You cannot frame someone as a resistant jerk and expect to cooperate through change with them. From the framing above, seeking areas of cooperation (cooperation may be agreeing that the change is not a good idea) is useful. When you treat someone as a resistor, you treat them that way and only reinforce the resistance. When someone cares enough to challenge the change, it means they respect and care about the organization, team, and you. 
  7. Progress or solutions are co-constructed… Change happens when you are moving and recognizing useful things that happen. This progress or solution is not to you, me, or them …. it is constructed through our interaction and teamwork.